Yukon the Glacial River

Yukon river downstream from Dawson

The river has got the name from the territory it flows through, Yukon territory of Northwest Canada.The length of the river is 3,190 kilometers and runs through Canada and USA. It finally flows into the bering sea. The huge area Yukon and its tributaries cover is 850,000 square miles which is roughly the size of Turkey.

Climate – The Yukon course has a subarctic climate with warm and short summers and long winters. The ice cold wind from lsaka and Arctic make it really freezing during the winters. Average temperatures in summer is 16 degrees Celsius and average temperature in Winters is as low as -31 degrees celsius. Average rainfall is low with the average being 10 inches annually and almost half falls during two summer months. Long and dry winters make it a place for very few animals and plants.

Flora and Fauna – In spite of the harsh climate flora and fauna thrive well in this region. This is because there is very less human interference. Coniferous trees form the forest region where the animals live. White and Black Spruce trees make most of the vegetation. As for animal life, there are black and brown (grizzly) bears; caribou, deer, and moose. Mountain goats and sheep live in higher altitudes. The minx, fox and furry squirrel are the hunted animals. As for the river there are fishes like Arctic grayling, burbot, pike, salmon, and whitefish.

Human population – It is very sparsely populated due to the climate being subarctic. Gold deposits brought people to Fairbanks and dawson and the depletion of gold reserves meant the area was again empty. Fur trapping is the main economic activity here.


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