Rivers around the world have been the lifeline of the civilization as they are of great support for the sustainable environment for many reasons. The river Ganges in India is one of the largest river in the world by discharge.It has its origin in the Himalayan Valley, the place is called Gangotri which is one of the four shrines of Uttarakhand State. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda rivers gives the mainstream for the flow of Ganges in the majestic Himalayan mountains with the serenity.
Rishikesh and Haridwar, the two heritage cities of India are located on the banks of this river which have been the seats of the spirituality and Study of Yoga in India. Varanasi is another holy city across the river in the state of Uttarapradesh. The river is one of the major attractions for spiritual tourism and pilgrimage in India. River rafting in Rishikesh is one of the most popular tourism of attraction of north India.
Indian agricultural activities are well supported by the Ganges and its tributaries due to the fertile soil in its basin. Various commercial crops are cultivated across the flow of the river. The Hydrology of the river has given ample opportunities for various industrial and power projects.
The river is experiencing heavy environmental concerns in the recent times due to the mining and other industrial wastes being discharged to the river. Ecological balance is being disturbed by the improper use of this natural resource of the country.